The Sari
The Vedic Science of circular Drapes
Traditional Fabrics in India

The Sari

The term Sari is originated from the Sanskrit word Satika which means a single piece of cloth. It is a single piece of cloth without any stitches with a length ranging from 4.5 to 9 yards. The ancient Indian literatures including the Rig Veda has the mention of this garment. The ancient Sanskrit literature Kadambari by Banabhatta and Tamil poetry Silappadhikaram have descriptions of women draped in saris.

The Vedic Science of circular Drapes

The Sari has a spiritual and sacred science associated with it. The Vedic reasoning behind wearing clothing that has no stitch is that it helps in easy flow of energy to the body. It is worn by people with the intention of raising their spiritual consciousness including men and women. It is the oldest and longest lasting garment that is worn in society till today without any modification except in prints and fabric.

The human body absorbs the energy from the atmosphere and the first surface that it hits is our clothing or skin. So in order to receive high energy without any blockages, people wear such clothing. It is draped in circles just like the natural flow of energy so it allows holding the circular energy flows to get absorbed by the body. Having stitches blocks the energy flow so it is the perfect cloth to use that has no stitches at all.

The Stomach area is usually open or uncovered as it is the place of Solar Plexus or Manipura Chakra. It is the area of the body from where most of the energy can be absorbed. As the human body is the house of both Masculine and Feminine energies termed as Shiva and Shakti, the left side of the body is feminine energy and the right is masculine. Therefore women take left Pallu to apply little/subtle pressure on the left shoulder. The remaining cloth rests on the left shoulder in females and the right shoulder in males to balance the respective energies.

Every single thing is purely applied science. Wearing a Sari has beneficial for all those who want to seek more than this culture has for them.

Traditional Fabrics in India

Banarasi Silk is famous for its gold embroidery. The city of Banaras ( Varanasi ) is full of weavers who are experts in silver and gold zari. For them, the Sari is their canvas. Based on the design and demand, a single Sari can take more than 6 months to complete. The special design patterns are floral motifs, mina work, jhallar designs, kalga, and bel. Four main categories are Katan ( pure silk ), Kora (Organza) with zari and silk, Georgette and Shattir. Designs include Jangla, Tanchoi, Vaskat, Cutwork, Tissue and Butidar. Other famous varieties from the state are Shalu and Tanchoi.

Chanderi is named after the place of its origin in Madhya Pradesh. Basically, three kinds of fabrics are used pure silk, Chanderi cotton, and mix of cotton and silk. These are one of the finest saris in India which include design patterns of peacocks, coins, floral arts, geometric shapes, etc. The state also is famous for Maheshwari saris from Maheshwar and Dhokra silk.

In the east, West Bengal is famous for Tant Saris which are famous for lightness and transparency. Other varieties from the state include Baluchari, Kaantha, Garode/Korial, Shantipuri cotton, Jamdani, etc. Assam is famous for Mooga silk and Mekhla cotton.

In Odisha, we can find Sambhalpuri silk and cotton varieties. These are famous for traditional designs like Shankha, flowers, chakra etc. These handloom designs have other varieties like Sonepuri, Pasapali, Bomkai, Barpali, and Bapta saris. The state has other varities like Ikkat silk, Bomkai, Khandua silk and cotton, Sonepuri silk, Brahmapuri silk, Pasapalli, Matha silk, Bapta silk, Kotpad Pata etc.

Western varieties come from the states like Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. Maharashtra has varieties named as Paithanpattu, Yeola, Peshwai, Mahalsa, Narayanpeth, Khun fabric and Karvati tussar saris. Rajasthan is famous for Bandhanis, Kota Dorias and Bagru varieties. Gujarat also has similar varieties as Rajasthan. Patola saris from Gujarat are also famous.

A lady in sari.

Southern regions of the Country has vide variety of Saris. The State Karnataka produces 9000 metric tonnes of mulberry silk every year. The state is famous for the well known Mysore silk saris. Other varities of Karnataka are Ilkal, Molakalmuru and Sulebhavis. The neighbor state Tamil Nadu is famous for Chettinad, Kumbakonam, Thirubhuvanam, Coimabatore cotton, Salem silk, Chinnalampattu, Kandagi, Rasipuram, Koorai, Arni silk, Chennai, Karaikudi, Trichurapalli, Nagarkoil, Thoothukudi and Thanjavur saris.

Andhra Pradesh is famous for Mangalagiri silk saris. Also varieties like Uppada silk, Chirala, Bandar, Bandarulanka, Kuppadam, Dharmavaram are popular in the state. Kerala is famous for its silk vairieties like Kerala, Maradaka, Samudrikapuram. Other varieties are Balarampuram, Mayilati, Kannur cotton, Kalpathi silk etc.

Read also